Civil engineering is a vital component of modern infrastructure. Those employed as civil engineers are tasked with designing and building bridges, roads, dams and other important pieces of infrastructure, as well as maintaining them. Here are three types of civil engineering services.
1. Feasibility Studies
A feasibility study is meant to ensure all potential issues with a site or plot are uncovered and documented before any property is purchased, design processes are begun or ground is broken. Civil engineers who perform feasibility studies will perform many kinds of research, including land records, setback and zoning requirements, soil and water information, and the proximity of waterlines, sanitation and electrical lines to the area.
2. Consultation Services
When a civil engineer offers consultation services, he or she may or may not become involved in the project. Most consultation services only involve offering recommendations, suggestions, answers to questions and conclusions based on data provided by the engineering and construction teams. Consultation services may include appraisals, research, financial advice and support, equipment and materials engineering testing and planning studies.
3. Design Services
Not only can civil engineers consult, but they can also be deeply involved in the design, planning and construction processes for developing civil infrastructure. A civil engineer may be involved in preliminary design work, final design work or both. The preliminary design phase is the one in which the team establishes the location, size, scope, financial requirements and other aspects of the project. During the final design phase, the team will finalize the preliminary design and develop the design for the construction itself.
Civil engineering services are broad and widespread. An individual engineer may only specialize in one type of civil engineering, but no matter which specialty he or she has, it is an integral one for the maintenance and development of modern infrastructure.